The world has constantly celebrated Bordeaux wine as the best for hundreds of years. Bordeaux is the largest wine grower in France, with an estimated vineyard area of 120,000 hectares. Eighty-nine percent of the wine produced in Bordeaux is red wine. The reason behind the success of wine making in the Bordeaux region is the excellent climate for vine growing. The soil in this region is rich in calcium.
The first growths red wines are among the most expensive wines in the world. Below are the first growths red wines according to their prices;
Chateau Latour Rothschild
It is the most elegant and delicate, with the finest substance. In 1975, it became the favorite wine of King Louis XV. It was classified the first among the first wines of Medoc.
It is famous for producing well-rounded and gently perfumed wines. Producers here do not rely on the qualities created by terroir but rather create individuality through their choice of grapes and wine making practices.
It is a French win estate owned by Groupe Artemis. It has 78 hectares of vineyard. The grand VIN chateau Latour is typically a blend of 75% cabernet sauvignon, 20% merlot, with the remainder petit verdot and cabernet Franc, has an annual production of 18,000 cases.
It differs with the other wines in the list by its geographic location in the north of the wine-growing region of Graves. It is the only wine with the Pessac-Leognan appellation and is the ancestor of classification that remains a benchmark to this day of the five first growers.
Chateau Latife Rothschild
It is a wine estate located in the village of Pauillac in the Medoc, 50 km northwest of Bordeaux, France. It started the practice of bottling the harvest itself in 1920s. Today, it has 203 acres of grape vines made up of Cabernet Sauvignon (77%), Merlot (11%), Cabernet Franc (10%), and Petit Verdot (2%). They ferment their wine in oak vats. Moreover, later are stored in new oat casks.
Bordeaux has more than 100,000 vineyards scattered all over and it is for this reason it is France's top wine region. There are three primary regions in Bordeaux with the best vineyards and wineries; Medoc, located in the northwest, Graves-Sauternes towards the south and Saint-Emillion in the east. Here are the top three picks from those regions.
Chateau de Pitray
It is 8 km from Saint-Emillion and the De Boigne family has owned it for nearly 600 years. It covers more than 37 hectares of vines and produces over 240,000 bottles of wine annually. They specialize in Merlot and Cabernet Franc.
Chateau Mouton Rothschild
It is located in Pauillac, about 50km northwest of Bordeaux. Some of the quality grapes that grow in their vineyard include Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, and Petit Verdot varieties. It is one of the last vineyards to ferment wines in oak vats before transferring to oak casks to mature.
This is the oldest planted vineyard in Bordeaux. It harvested its 700th vintage in 2006. Because of its picturesque 30 hectares of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot grapes, wine connoisseurs flock to the vineyard. It also produces a small quantity of white grapes, including Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle, and Semillon. While planning to visit this vineyard, it's better to plan ahead by booking in advance.